Why is Socialization difficult for children with ASD?

  1. Deficits in social-emotional reciprocity, ranging, for example, from abnormal social approach and failure of normal back-and-forth conversation; to reduced sharing of interests, emotions, or affect; to failure to initiate or respond to social interactions.
  2. Deficits in nonverbal communicative behaviors used for social interaction, ranging, for example, from poorly integrated verbal and nonverbal communication; to abnormalities in eye contact and body language or deficits in understanding and use of gestures; to a total lack of facial expressions and nonverbal communication.
  3. Deficits in developing, maintaining, and understanding relationships, ranging, for example, from difficulties adjusting behavior to suit various social contexts; to difficulties in sharing imaginative play or in making friends; to absence of interest in peers.

“When someone gets love & encouragement more than criticism, they can do things easily way beyond their visible abilities…”

  • “Is this environment supportive & encouraging for my child?”
  • “Is he having Fun here?”
  • “Can he/she connect easily with these children/people?”
  • “Is this environment overwhelming for my child?”
  • “Is he encouraged for his efforts mostly or criticized?”
  • “Are these activities fun & easy for my child to participate in or difficult?”

Benefits of Group games-

  • Enhances development of communication skills
  • Encourages making friendship
  • Teaches social skills like cooperation, sharing, waiting for turn, compassion, etc.
  • Encourages working together with others
  • Enhances learning about friendship, enjoying working together, respecting the opinions of themselves as well as others,
  • Develops problem solving skills, leadership skills, imagination skills,
  • Helps in developing self-confidence.


Easy Socializing Games

Ringa Ringa Roses-

  • All children hold hands, travel around in a circle, in either a clockwise or anti-clockwise direction, while singing the popular nursery rhyme- Ringa ringa roses & sit down at the end of the song with the words- “we all fall down.”

Chook Chook Train-

  • All the kids stand in a line. Each child stands at the back of a child holding his/her shoulders.
  • They all stand holding the shoulders of the child in their front. The child at the front is the “Train Driver” who leads all of them.
  • You can mark different spots as “Train stops”, or “stations”. You can either use any object like a large stool, or chair or a box or the door as “Station”.
  • Make a path for their train- It can be a straight path or with turns.
  • When you say “start”, the kids all walk in a line holding each other’s shoulders with both hands making the “chook chook sound”.
  • When they arrive at a “Station”, they change positions & another child comes to the front. They take turns to change positions at each “station”.
  • Make sure they hold the shoulders with both hands while the train is moving/taking a turn.

Easy Get to know Another Games

Run Run Run & Touch

  • All the kids stand in a line at a little distance from one another.
  • One child comes to the front.
  • Teacher commands- “Run run run & touch Ayush”. Then come back.
  • Again, teacher commands- “Run run run & touch Sai.” Then come back.
  • Take turns to call each child.
  • They can use different movements like- “Hop hop hop & touch”,

Pass the ball

  • All the kids sit or stand in a line at a little distance from one another.
  • One child comes to the front.
  • Teacher commands- “Roll/throw the ball to Aadi”.
  • “Roll or throw the ball to Som”.
  • Take turns to call each child.
  • They can be in standing position at a distance from one another
  • The ball can be passed in one bounce, two bounce, etc.

Turn-Taking Games

Fixing puzzles turnwise

  • Alphabet/Number puzzles
  • All children sit in a circle.
  • You can use alphabet/number puzzles for this game. The puzzle board is placed at the center.
  • To start, I will fix “A”, next kid will fix “B”, next will fix “C”. Keep on fixing the letters sequentially taking turns till “Z”.

Pegboard game-

  • Different colour pegs & a pegboard
  • All children sit in a circle.
  • Each child has to pick up a particular colour peg & fix on the pegboard.
  • Then, the next kid picks up a peg & fixes it.
  • They continue fixing their colour pegs turn-wise, in a row.

Team-Work Games

Hold hands & walk together-

  • Put some puzzles at one end & the board at the other end of the room.
  • All children hold hands. Each picks up a puzzle.
  • They all walk together holding hands & fix their puzzles turn wise.
  • Then come back holding hands. Repeat till all the puzzles are completed.

Pass the bead with spoon-

  • Round beads/marbles,
  • Spoons (1 for each kid),
  • A small bowl/container/bottle to keep the beads
  • All children sit in a line, each holding a spoon.
  • There’s a box of colourful beads at one end & an empty container at the other end.
  • One kid picks up a bead from the box of beads using his spoon, then drops that bead to the next kid’s spoon.
  • They keep on passing the beads using their spoons. The last kid drops the bead into the container.
  • Whosever bead falls down, goes to the last place & that kid comes to his place. Or, take turns to change positions after passing 3 beads.
  • You can make 2–3 teams, each team with atleast 2 kids.
  • Whichever team can drop all the beads in their empty container first, wins!

Easy Communication Games

Let’s colour together

  • Similar pictures (one picture for each child)
  • Colours (Crayons or sketch pens)
  • All children sit in a circle.
  • Distribute colours among the students so that each gets one, or, two colour crayons/sketch pen.
  • Whenever one student has finished using his colour, & needs a colour he doesn’t have, he has to look for which friend has that colour he needs, & ask “Give me yellow”.
  • After getting the colour from his friend he can say “thank you”.
  • This game continues with students asking their friends for the colours they need until each one has completed their picture.

Who’s puzzle is this

  • Some category puzzles (one for each child)
  • A tub/basket to keep the puzzles.
  • All students sit in a line with their puzzle boards.
  • The teacher has all the puzzles in a basket.
  • The teacher calls one of the students to the front, gives him a puzzle.
  • The teacher then asks him, “Give it to Aadi.”
  • The student goes to Aadi & says “Aadi take Mango.” Aadi replies “Thank you.”
  • Whosever name is called, goes to the teacher, takes a puzzle, goes to the respective student with that category puzzle & gives saying- “Take it”.
  • To have fun with friends
  • Forming bonds with friends
  • Sharing their emotions
  • Enjoying activities together
  • Understanding each other’s feelings & needs.
  • Supporting & encouraging each other.



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Abhipsa Parida

Abhipsa Parida


My name is Abhipsa Parida. I am an occupational therapist and I have been handling kids with special needs since 6 years. I run my own clinic in Bhubaneswar